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Kentucky Occupational Therapy Definitions

The Kentucky occupational therapy legal and regulatory definitions. 

“ACOTE”- The Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education.

“Act”- The Kentucky Occupational Therapy Practice Act.

“Adjunctive Strategies”- Methods or interventions that support and advance a client's occupational therapy performance used as a precursor to enable purposeful activities or occupations.

“Aide”- A person who is not licensed by the board who provides supportive services to occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants. An aide shall function under the guidance and responsibility of a licensed occupational therapist and is supervised by an occupational therapist or an occupational therapy assistant for specifically selected routine tasks for which the aide has been trained and has demonstrated competence. The aide shall comply with supervision requirements developed by the board that are consistent with prevailing professional standards.

“Assistive Technology”- Identification and use of assistive technologies (high and low tech), application of universal design principles, and recommended changes to the environment of activity to support the client’s ability to engage in occupations.

“Basic Activities of Daily Living” - Tasks or activities that are oriented toward taking care of one’s own body; those tasks that are performed daily by an individual that pertain to and support one’s self-care, mobility, and communication; and includes the following activities:

    • Bathing and showering;
    • Bowel and bladder management;
    • Dressing;
    • Swallowing, eating, and feeding;
    • Functional mobility;
    • Personal device care;
    • Personal hygiene and grooming;
    • Sexual activity;
    • Sleep and rest; and
    • Toileting and toilet hygiene.

“Board”- The Kentucky Board of Licensure for Occupational Therapy appointed by the Governor.

“Components of Performance”- Activity and occupational demands, client factors, performance skills, context, and environment.

“COTA” - A certified occupational therapy assistant.

“COTA/L”- A certified occupational therapy assistant/licensed.

“Functional Mobility”- Moving from one (1) position or place to another including in-bed mobility, wheelchair mobility, transportation of objects through space, and functional ambulating transfers, driving, and community mobility.

“General Supervision”- An interactive process for collaboration on the practice of occupational therapy which includes the review and oversight of all aspects of the services being provided by the individual under supervision.

“Deep Physical Agent Modalities”- Any device that uses sound waves or agents which supply or induce an electric current through the body, which make the body a part of the circuit, including iontophoresis units with a physician's prescription, ultrasound, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation units and functional electrical stimulation, or microcurrent devices.

“Instrumental Activities of Daily Living” - Complex tasks or activities that are oriented toward interacting with the environment and are essential to self-maintenance matters which extend beyond personal care, including:

    • Care of others;
    • Care of pets;
    • Child rearing;
    • Communication management;
    • Financial management;
    • Health management and maintenance;
    • Home establishment, management, and maintenance;
    • Meal preparation and cleanup;
    • Safety and emergency maintenance;
    • Shopping;
    • Spiritual activities; and
    • Selection and supervision of caregivers.

“NBCOT”- The National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy.

“Occupations”- Activities, tasks or roles that individuals engage in which provide intrinsic value and meaning for the individual, society, and culture.

“OT” - Occupational therapy.

“OT/L”- An occupational therapist/licensed.

“OTA/L”- An occupational therapist assistant/licensed.

“OTR”- An occupational therapist registered.

“OTR/L”- An occupational therapist registered/licensed.

“Occupational Therapist” - A person licensed to practice occupational therapy under this chapter.

“Occupational Therapy Assistant” - A person licensed to assist in the practice of occupational therapy under this chapter, who works under the supervision of an occupational therapist.

“Performance Abilities”- The utilization of performance skills in the participation of active daily life.

“Performance Skills”- The observable actions of a person that have implicit functional purposes, including motor skills, processing skills, interaction skills, and communication skills.

“Person”- Any individual, partnership, or unincorporated organization, or corporation.

“Practice of Occupational Therapy” - The therapeutic use of purposeful and meaningful occupations (goal-directed activities) to evaluate and treat individuals who have a disease or disorder, impairment, activity limitation, or participation restriction that interferes with their ability to function independently in daily life roles, and to promote health and wellness.

“Restoration”- To restore a performance skill or ability that has been impaired.

“Superficial Physical Agent Modalities” - Hot packs, cold packs, ice, fluidotherapy, paraffin, water, and other commercially available superficial heating and cooling devices.


Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 319A.010

201 KAR 28:010

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