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Massachusetts Physical Therapy Facilities
Physical Therapy Facility. A place, office, clinic or establishment in which Physical Therapy is provided on a predictable or regular basis, or in which business and patient records related to physical therapy are used or stored, which has been licensed by the Board. A Physical Therapy Facility must have a PT Compliance Officer.
PT Compliance Officer. The Physical Therapist who has been designated by a Physical Therapy Facility as the physical therapist responsible for the operation of the Physical Therapy Facility in compliance with the laws of the Commonwealth and the rules and regulations of the Board. The appointment of a PT Compliance Officer is subject to Board approval.
Solo Practice. A place, office, clinic or establishment in which Physical Therapy is provided or in which Business Records or Patient Records related to Physical Therapy are used or stored, and where Physical Therapy is solely provided by one primary Physical Therapist who owns at least 51% of the business and operates the Physical Therapy Practice. In a Solo Practice, the Physical Therapist must not employ or be in partnership with any other Physical Therapist or Physical Therapist Assistant.
The Physical Therapist who owns the Physical Therapy Facility may contract or otherwise employ one or more Physical Therapist to provide substitute treatment in the owner's absence provided that the cumulative substitute coverage provided within a given registration period does not exceed 25 business days; or 60 business days in the cases of a documented disability of the Physical Therapist owner; or 90 business days for a documented maternity or paternity leave of the Physical Therapist owner. A Physical Therapist owner may apply to the Board to extend the substitute coverage periods for good cause.
Each Physical Therapy Facility within the Commonwealth shall be licensed by the Board before providing Physical Therapy and shall annually renew its license using an application provided by the Board.
The Board will consider the following in determining whether two or more places, offices, clinics or establishments (establishments) delivering Physical Therapy Treatment at the same address constitute one or more Physical Therapy Facilities:
Solo Practices are exempted from the Physical Therapy Facility requirements but are held to all standards, rules and regulations of individual Physical Therapists.
Physical Therapy Facility licenses are not required for healthcare facilities licensed by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health including but not limited to hospitals, clinics, and home health care agencies, or institutions regulated by the Department of Education.
Operating under one License
Physical Therapy Facilities providing services at multiple locations may operate under a single license if all of the following conditions are met:
The Board may require any place, office, clinic, or establishment at which Physical Therapy is delivered to provide satisfactory evidence why it is eligible for the exemption of Physical Therapy Facility licensure requirements. The burden of proving eligibility shall rest with the establishment.
Current true copies of the following must be conspicuously displayed for the benefit of the public at each Physical Therapy Facility.
PT Compliance Officer
Each Physical Therapy Facility must have a PT Compliance Officer.
A Physical Therapy Facility shall provide a copy of its Employee Record to the Board upon application for licensure, annually upon renewal, and upon request by the Board or its designee(s).
Patient Records and Business Records shall be maintained in a manner that protects them from foreseeable damage or destruction.
The Physical Therapy Facility shall implement and maintain a business compliance plan, which shall include but not be limited to standards, procedures, and policies that address the Physical Therapy Facility's administrative and clinical protocols. The standards, procedures, and policies shall include but not be limited to addressing the following issues:
The Physical Therapy Facility shall be equipped with proper and adequate lighting and ventilation and kept in clean, orderly, and sanitary condition.
Change in Physical Therapy Facility Ownership
A change in Physical Therapy Facility Ownership warrants a new Physical Therapy Facility license.
When there is a transfer of a controlling interest in a Physical Therapy Facility, the Physical Therapy Facility license expires and the new owner must apply for a new license within 30 days.
Change in location
A facility license is valid only for the location stated on the license and is not transferable or assignable.
Good Moral Character
Individuals engaged in the operation of the Physical Therapy Facility, including but not limited to, a person having more than ten percent ownership interest, company officers, principals in the Physical Therapy Facility, and the PT Compliance Officer must not engage in any activities that raise a question of his or her good moral character.
A Physical Therapy Facility must maintain general liability insurance in the amount of at least $500,000.
PT Compliance Officer
Duties of the PT Compliance Officer
Grounds for Disciplinary Action
The Board may take disciplinary action against any Physical Therapy Facility. Grounds for disciplinary action shall include, but shall not be limited to:
Violation of this section;
Unlicensed practice at the Physical Therapy Facility or arranged through the Physical Therapy Facility. Unlicensed practice includes practice by an individual who:
Where a person having more than ten percent ownership interest, company officer, principal, PT Compliance Officer, or any employee of the Physical Therapy Facility:
Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 112 § 23M1/2.
259 CMR 2.01
259 CMR 6.00