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Montana PT Scope of Practice
How is physical therapy defined in Montana?
“Physical therapy" means the evaluation, treatment, and instruction of human beings, in person or through telemedicine, to detect, assess, prevent, correct, alleviate, and limit physical disability, bodily malfunction and pain, injury, and any bodily or mental conditions by the use of therapeutic exercise, prescribed topical medications, and rehabilitative procedures for the purpose of preventing, correcting, or alleviating a physical or mental disability.
What is included in the practice of physical therapy?
Physical therapy evaluation includes the administration, interpretation, and evaluation of tests and measurements of bodily functions and structures; the development of a plan of treatment; consultative, educational, and other advisory services; and instruction and supervision of supportive personnel.
Treatment employs, for therapeutic effects, physical measures, activities and devices, for preventive and therapeutic purposes, exercises, rehabilitative procedures, massage, mobilization, and physical agents including but not limited to mechanical devices, heat, cold, air, light, water, electricity, and sound.
The evaluation and treatment procedures listed above may be performed by a licensed physical therapist without referral.
What is specifically excluded from the practice?
A physical therapist may not practice medicine, osteopathy, or chiropractic, dentistry, or podiatry.
Are there any special trainings or requirements?
Montana PT Administration of Topical Medication
Montana PT Dry Needling
Mont. Code Ann. § 37-11-101
Mont. Code Ann. § 37-11-103
Mont. Code Ann. § 37-11-104
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