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Texas Physical Therapy Scope of Practice
How is the practice of Physical Therapy defined in Texas?
“Physical therapy" means a form of health care that prevents, identifies, corrects, or alleviates acute or prolonged movement dysfunction or pain of anatomic or physiologic origin.
The practice of physical therapy includes:
What is included in the practice of physical therapy?
Physical therapy--The evaluation, examination, and utilization of exercises, rehabilitative procedures, massage, manipulations, and physical agents including, but not limited to, mechanical devices, heat, cold, air, light, water, electricity, and sound in the aid of diagnosis or treatment. Physical therapists may perform evaluations without referrals. Physical therapy practice includes the use of modalities, procedures, and tests to make evaluations.
Physical therapy practice includes, but is not limited to the use of: Electromyographic (EMG) Tests, Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Tests, Thermography, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), bed traction, application of topical medication to open wounds, sharp debridement, provision of soft goods, inhibitive casting and splinting, Phonophoresis, Iontophoresis, and biofeedback services.
Services specifically excluded from the scope of practice
A person may not engage in diagnosing diseases or in practicing medicine as defined by law on the basis of a physical therapy license.
In practicing physical therapy, a person may not use:
Does Texas allow PTs to practice dry needling?
Does Texas allow PTs to practice electromyography?
Yes. Physical therapy practice includes but is not limited to the use of: Electromyographic (EMG) Tests.
Does Texas allow PTs to practice wound care?
Does Texas allow PTs to apply topical medicals?
Tex. Occ. Code § 453.005
Tex. Occ. Code § 453.303
3 Tex. Admin. Code § 321.1