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The analysis of any legal or medical billing is dependent on numerous specific facts — including the factual situations present related to the patients, the practice, the professionals and the medical services and advice. Additionally, laws and regulations and insurance and payer policies are subject to change. The information that has been accurate previously can be particularly dependent on changes in time or circumstances. The information contained in this web site is intended as general information only. It is not intended to serve as medical, health, legal or financial advice or as a substitute for professional advice of a medical coding professional, healthcare consultant, physician or medical professional, legal counsel, accountant or financial advisor. If you have a question about a specific matter, you should contact a professional advisor directly. CPT copyright American Medical Association. All rights reserved. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association.

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Who May File an Appeal 

Eligible parties who can file an appeal with Medicare.

Eligible Parties

Parties to the initial determination include:

  • Beneficiaries who are almost always considered parties to a Medicare determination, as they are entitled to appeal any initial determination (unless the beneficiary has assigned his or her appeal rights);
  • Providers who file a claim for items or services furnished to a beneficiary. A nonparticipating provider, that is, an entity eligible to enter into a provider agreement to participate in Medicare but has not entered into such an agreement, is not considered a provider or provider of service and does not have party status for an initial determination or appeal. Beneficiaries are parties to claims filed for services furnished by a non-participating provider;
  • Participating suppliers and non-participating suppliers but only with respect to items or services furnished to a beneficiary that are billed on an assignment-related basis;
  • An applicable plan with respect to the amount and existence of a recovery claim if Medicare is pursuing recovery directly from the applicable plan. The applicable plan is the sole party to an initial determination and any subsequent appeal.

In addition to his/her own right to appeal Medicare’s decision regarding an initial determination, a beneficiary is a party to any request for redetermination filed by a provider or supplier. The beneficiary is always a party to an appeal of services rendered on their behalf, at any level (except when the beneficiary has assigned his/her appeal rights to a provider or supplier).

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