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California Early Intervention Definitions M-R


A voluntary resolution process in which an impartial third party may assist the disagreeing parties to resolve issues prior to a due process hearing.

Medical Services

Services provided by a licensed physician for diagnostic or evaluation purposes to determine a child's developmental status and need for early intervention services.

Multidisciplinary Team

means two or more individuals from separate disciplines or professions, and the parent, who participate in the provision of integrated and coordinated services, including evaluation, assessment, and IFSP development. The multidisciplinary team may include one individual who is qualified in more than one discipline or profession.

Natural Environments

Settings that are natural or typical for the infant or toddler's age peers who have no disability including the home and community settings in which children without disabilities participate.

Occupational Therapy

Services as defined in Business and Professions Code, Division 2, Chapter 5.6. Occupational Therapy, § 2570.2(l).   California Occupational Therapy Scope of Practice

Physical Therapy

Services as defined in Business and Professions Code, Division 2, Chapter 5.7. Physical Therapy, §2620(a). California Physical Therapy Scope of Practice



    • A natural or adoptive parent of a child;
    • A guardian;
    • A person acting in place of a parent (such as a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or a person who is legally responsible for the child's welfare);
    • A surrogate parent who has been assigned in accordance with 34 CFR 303.422 and 17 CCR 52175 of these regulations; or
    • A foster parent, when:
      • The foster parent has no interest that would conflict with the interests of the child,
      • The natural parents' authority to make the decisions required of parents has been limited or relinquished under State law, and
      • The foster parent is willing to make the decisions required of parents.

Payor of Last Resort

The regional center or LEA that is required to pay for early intervention services listed on the IFSP when third party payers or other agencies do not have an obligation to pay as required by 34 CFR 303.510.

Personally Identifiable

Information that includes:

    • The full name of the infant or toddler, infant's or toddler's parent, or other family member;
    • The address of the infant or toddler;
    • A personal identifier, such as the infant's, toddler's or parent's social security number; or
    • A list of personal characteristics or other information that would make it possible to identify the infant or toddler with reasonable certainty.

Physical Development

The acquisition of fine and gross motor skills involved in functional movement. Physical development includes vision, hearing and health status.


A family's choice for the focus of early intervention services as well as for the ways in which early intervention services will be incorporated into the family's day-to-day organization, routine and planning.


A person meets state certification, licensing, credentialing, registration, or other comparable requirements for the area in which he or she is providing early intervention services, or, in the absence of such approved or recognized requirements, meets the Department of Developmental Services or California Department of Education requirements. Qualified personnel who provide early intervention services specifically include but are not limited to those listed in regulations, and ophthalmologists; optometrists; orientation specialists; pediatricians; psychologists; special educators; and speech and language pathologists.


The documentation in the infant's or toddler's regional center client file and/or the LEA's cumulative file.

Regional Center

A diagnostic, counseling and service coordination center for persons with developmental disabilities and their families which is established and operated pursuant to Chapter 5 of Division 4.5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, Sections 4620 through 4669, by a private nonprofit community agency/corporation acting as a contractor for the Department of Developmental Services.


The receipt of oral or written information that causes a record to be opened for an infant or toddler who may be eligible for early intervention services.


The strengths, abilities, formal and informal supports of the family available to meet the developmental needs of the infant or toddler.


17 CCR § 52000

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