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Montana Physical Therapy Definitions 

The Montana physical therapy legal and regulatory definitions. 

“Board” - The Montana Board of Physical Therapy Examiners.

“Department” - The Montana Department of Labor and Industry.

“Hearing” - The adjudicative proceeding concerning the issuance, denial, suspension, or revocation of a license, after which the appropriate action toward an applicant or licensee is to be determined by the board.

“Physical Therapist” - A person who practices physical therapy.

“Physical Therapist Assistant” -A person who:

    • Is a graduate of an accredited physical therapist assistant curriculum approved by the board;
    • Assists a physical therapist in the practice of physical therapy but who may not make evaluations or design treatment plans; and
    • Is supervised by a licensed physical therapist.

“Physical Therapist Assistant Student” - A person who is enrolled in an accredited physical therapist assistant curriculum and who as part of the clinical and educational training is practicing under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist.

“Physical Therapy” - The evaluation, treatment, and instruction of human beings, in person or through telemedicine, to detect, assess, prevent, correct, alleviate, and limit physical disability, bodily malfunction and pain, injury, and any bodily or mental conditions by the use of therapeutic exercise, prescribed topical medications, and rehabilitative procedures for the purpose of preventing, correcting, or alleviating a physical or mental disability.

“Physical Therapy Aide” - A person who aids in the practice of physical therapy, whose activities require on-the-job training, and who is supervised by a licensed physical therapist or a licensed physical therapist assistant.

“Physical Therapy Student” -An individual who is enrolled in an accredited physical therapy curriculum, who, as part of the individual's professional, educational, and clinical training, is practicing in a physical therapy setting, and who is supervised by a licensed physical therapist.

“Topical Medications” - Medications applied locally to the skin and includes only medications listed for which a prescription is required under state or federal law.


Mont. Code Ann. § 37-11-101

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