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The analysis of any legal or medical billing is dependent on numerous specific facts — including the factual situations present related to the patients, the practice, the professionals and the medical services and advice. Additionally, laws and regulations and insurance and payer policies are subject to change. The information that has been accurate previously can be particularly dependent on changes in time or circumstances. The information contained in this web site is intended as general information only. It is not intended to serve as medical, health, legal or financial advice or as a substitute for professional advice of a medical coding professional, healthcare consultant, physician or medical professional, legal counsel, accountant or financial advisor. If you have a question about a specific matter, you should contact a professional advisor directly. CPT copyright American Medical Association. All rights reserved. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association.

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Ohio PT Scope of Practice

How is physical therapy defined in Ohio?

Physical therapy means the evaluation and treatment of a person by physical measures and the use of therapeutic exercises and rehabilitative procedures, with or without assistive devices, for the purpose of preventing, correcting, or alleviating physical impairments, functional limitations, and physical disabilities.

What is included in the practice of physical therapy?

Physical therapy includes the establishment and modification of physical therapy programs, treatment planning, patient education and instruction, and consultative services.

Physical therapy includes determining a physical therapy diagnosis in order to treat the person's physical impairments, functional limitations, and physical disabilities; determining a prognosis; and determining a plan of therapeutic intervention.

If performed by a person who is adequately trained, physical therapy includes the design, fabrication, and revision of various assistive devices, and the provision of education and instruction in the use of those devices, including braces, splints, ambulatory or locomotion devices, wheelchairs, prosthetics, and orthotics.

Physical therapy also includes the administration of topical drugs that have been prescribed by a licensed health professional authorized to prescribe drugs, as defined in section 4729.01 of the Revised Code.

What is included in a physical therapy diagnosis?

A judgment that is made after examining the neuromusculoskeletal system or evaluating or studying its symptoms and that utilizes the techniques and science of physical therapy to establish a plan of therapeutic intervention. A physical therapy diagnosis does not include a medical diagnosis.

What is specifically excluded from the practice?

"Physical therapy" does not include either of the following:

    • The use of electricity for cauterization or other surgical purposes;
    • The use of Roentgen rays or radium for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes

Are there any special trainings or requirements?

Guidelines for the Use of Pharmaceuticals in Physical Therapy


Ohio Code § 4755.30

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