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  • Medicare Coverage of Specific Modalities and Procedures

Specific Modalities and Therapeutic Procedures

This section combines information from multiple local coverage determinations (CMS Contractors) to give a more comprehensive guide for each procedure.  Each includes a description of the procedure, indications, limitations, non-coverage, and documentation requirements.

National Coverage Determinations for Therapy Services

    • Biofeedback Therapy and Treatment of Urinary Incontinence
    • Institutional and Home Care Patient Education Programs
    • Electrical Stimulation (ES) and Electromagnetic Therapy for the Treatment of Wounds
    • Treatment of Decubitus Ulcers
    • Infrared Therapy Devices
    • Fluidized Therapy Dry Heat for Certain Musculoskeletal Disorders
    • Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulator (NMES)
    • Diathermy
    • Melodic Intonation Therapy
    • Treatment of Dysphagia


    • Contrast Bath
    • Diathermy
    • Hot and Cold Packs
    • Hubbard Tank
    • Iontophoresis
    • Paraffin Bath
    • Manual Traction
    • Ultrasound
    • Ultraviolet
    • Vasopneumatic Devices
    • Whirlpool


      • Biofeedback
      • Electromyography and Nerve Conduction 
      • Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
      • Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)
      • Wound Care

    Therapeutic Procedures

      • Aquatic Therapy
      • Assistive Technology Assessments
      • Cognitive Skills Development
      • Community Work Integration
      • Electrical Stimulation
      • Gait Training
      • Manual Therapy Techniques
      • Massage
      • Negative Wound Therapy
      • Neuromuscular Electrostimulation
      • Neuromuscular Re-education
      • Orthotic Prosthetic Management
      • Orthotic Management and Training
      • Physical Performance Test
      • Prosthetic Training and Management
      • Removal of Devitalized Tissue
      • Self-Care Home Management
      • Sensory Integration
      • Therapeutic Activities
      • Therapeutic Exercises
      • Therapeutic Group Activities
      • Wheelchair Management

    Casting and Strapping

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