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The analysis of any legal or medical billing is dependent on numerous specific facts — including the factual situations present related to the patients, the practice, the professionals and the medical services and advice. Additionally, laws and regulations and insurance and payer policies are subject to change. The information that has been accurate previously can be particularly dependent on changes in time or circumstances. The information contained in this web site is intended as general information only. It is not intended to serve as medical, health, legal or financial advice or as a substitute for professional advice of a medical coding professional, healthcare consultant, physician or medical professional, legal counsel, accountant or financial advisor. If you have a question about a specific matter, you should contact a professional advisor directly. CPT copyright American Medical Association. All rights reserved. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association.

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Florida PT Scope of Practice

How is physical therapy defined in Florida?

“Practice of physical therapy” means the performance of physical therapy assessments and the treatment of any disability, injury, disease, or other health condition of human beings, or the prevention of such disability, injury, disease, or other health condition, and the rehabilitation of such disability, injury, disease, or other health condition by alleviating impairments, functional movement limitations, and disabilities.

What is included in the practice of physical therapy?

Designing, implementing, and modifying treatment interventions through:

    • Therapeutic exercise;
    • Functional movement training in self-management and in-home, community, or work integration or reintegration;
    • Manual therapy;
    • Massage;
    • Airway clearance techniques;
    • Maintaining and restoring the integumentary system and wound care;
    • Physical agent or modality;
    • Mechanical or electrotherapeutic modality;
    • Patient-related instruction;
    • The use of apparatus and equipment in the application of such treatment, prevention, or rehabilitation;
    • The performance of tests of neuromuscular functions as an aid to the diagnosis or treatment of any human condition; or
    • The performance of electromyography as an aid to the diagnosis of any human condition only upon compliance with the criteria set forth by the Board of Medicine.

What is specifically excluded from the practice?

The use of roentgen rays and radium for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes and the use of electricity for surgical purposes, including cauterization, are not “physical therapy” for purposes of this chapter.

The practice of physical therapy does not authorize a physical therapy practitioner to practice chiropractic medicine, including specific spinal manipulation, or acupuncture. For the performance of specific chiropractic spinal manipulation, a physical therapist shall refer the patient to a licensed chiropractor.

Are there any special trainings required?

Florida PT Dry Needling

Florida PT Electromyography

Florida PT Administration of Topical Medications


Fla. Stat. § 486.021

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