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Virginia Occupational Therapy Responsibilities 

Responsibilities of the Occupational Therapist

An occupational therapist provides assessment by determining the need for, the appropriate areas of, and the estimated extent and time of treatment. His responsibilities include an initial screening of the patient to determine need for services and the collection, evaluation and interpretation of data necessary for treatment.

An occupational therapist provides program planning by identifying treatment goals and the methods necessary to achieve those goals for the patient. The therapist analyzes the tasks and activities of the program, documents the progress, and coordinates the plan with other health, community or educational services, the family and the patient. The services may include but are not limited to education and training in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL); the design, fabrication, and application of orthoses (splints); the design, selection, and use of adaptive equipment and assistive technologies; therapeutic activities to enhance functional performance; vocational evaluation and training; and consultation concerning the adaptation of physical, sensory, and social environments.

An occupational therapist provides the specific activities or therapeutic methods to improve or restore optimum functioning, to compensate for dysfunction, or to minimize disability of patients impaired by physical illness or injury, emotional, congenital or developmental disorders, or by the aging process.

A Practitioner shall not

    • Perform procedures or techniques that are outside the scope of his practice or for which he is not trained and individually competent;
    •  Knowingly allow subordinates to jeopardize patient safety or provide patient care outside of the subordinate’s scope of practice or their area of responsibility. Practitioners shall delegate patient care only to subordinates who are properly trained and supervised;
    •  Engage in an egregious pattern of disruptive behavior or interaction in a health care setting that interferes with patient care or could reasonably be expected to adversely impact the quality of care rendered to a patient; or
    • Exploit the practitioner/patient relationship for personal gain.


18 VAC 85-80-100

18 VAC 85-80-160

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