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Maryland OT Physical Agent Modalities
A licensee who is credentialed as a certified hand therapist is exempt from the requirements below.
"Didactic education" means an educational activity:
"Direct clinical education" means supervised instruction provided on a face-to-face basis by the educator during the application of electrical physical agent modalities to a client.
"Educator" means an individual who has successfully met the competency requirements as set forth in this chapter and provides didactic or direct clinical education, or both, but does not need to be an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant.
"Electrical physical agent modalities" means therapeutic modalities which induce heat or electrical current beneath the skin.
"Electrical physical agent modalities" includes, but is not limited to:
"Superficial physical agent modalities" means therapeutic modalities including, but not limited to:
Standards of Competence for Electrical Modalities
An occupational therapist, or occupational therapy assistant under the periodic supervision of an occupational therapist, who wishes to use occupational therapy procedures involving electrical physical agent modalities shall maintain, for the duration of the licensee's professional career, verification of didactic education and clinical requirements.
For each electrical physical agent modality, didactic education shall include:
Before applying physical agent modalities to a client under this chapter, a licensee shall:
Documentation of Education
The occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant is responsible for maintaining verification of education relative to electrical physical agent modalities.
Verification shall include:
A licensee shall retain verification documentation and direct clinical education relative to electrical physical agent modalities for the duration of the licensee's professional career in occupational therapy.
Treatment Plan Guidelines for Physical Agent Modalities
The occupational therapist does not need to meet the competency requirements in order to develop a treatment plan which includes recommendations for use of physical agent modalities.
The therapeutic parameters for physical agent modalities shall be established by the occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant administering the modality.
Superficial Physical Agent Modalities
A licensee may apply superficial physical agent modalities including, but not limited to, hot packs, cold packs, paraffin, fluidotherapy, and icing.
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