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Ohio Physical Therapy

Welcome to our Ohio Physical Therapy FAQs.  We've combined the state laws, board rules, and position statements to create a clear guide on the rules that must be followed by PTs and PTAs. 

Ohio Medicaid Coverage of Physical and Occupational Therapy  

Ohio PT Forum


Continuing Education

  • How many continuing education hours are required during a reporting period?
  • How long is the reporting period?
  • When are CE requirements due?
  • How is credit hour defined?
  • Can CE credits be carried over into the next reporting period?
  • Are there any specific courses that must be taken?
  • What types of activities can be used for the continuing education requirements?
  • Are there limitations on the types of courses that can be taken?
  • What type of approval is needed for the courses?
  • What type of courses or activities are not allowed?
  • What are the reporting requirements?
  • How long must continuing education records be retained?
  • Can I get a waiver for my CE requirements?
  • What happens if I am audit?

Scope of Practice

  • How is the practice of Physical Therapy defined in Ohio?
  • What is included in the practice of PT?
  • Services specifically excluded from the scope of practice
  • Can PTs practice dry needling?
  • Can PTs administer topical drugs?
  • Can PTs practice through telehealth?

Direct Access and Referrals 

  • Is a referral required to provide PT services?
  • Exceptions to the referral requirement?
  • Which providers can issue the referral?
  • How can PTs receive referrals?
  • When does a PT have to refer a patient to a physician?

Supervision and Delegation

  • Definitions
  • Which services can only be performed by a licensed physical therapist?
  • What are the responsibilities of the PT when delegating?


  • Which services are PTAs allowed to practice?
  • Are there specific services that PTAs are prohibited from practicing?
  • What type of supervision is required?
  • Who is the supervising physical therapist?
  • What are the assistant’s documentation responsibilities?
  • Does the supervising physical therapist need to co-sign documentation created by the PTA?
  • What is the ratio between supervising PTs and PTAs?
  • Required designation for assistants


  • What can an aide do?
  • What is an aide expressly prohibited from doing?
  • What type of supervision is required?
  • What is the ratio between supervising PTs and aides?
  • Required designation for aides


  • Can students practice in a clinical setting?
  • What kind of supervision is required for student PTs and PTAs?
  • Documentation – Cosignatures 
  • Identification of students

Identification and Notification

  • How can I use “Dr” in my title?
  • Are there any specific requirements for posting notifications or licenses?
  • When does a PT have to notify the board of any information changes?

Out-of-State PT and PTAs

  • Can I practice in state if I am licensed in another state?
  • What is the process for getting reciprocity in Ohio?
Military Service Provisions
    • Definitions
    • Eligibility for licensure
    • License Renewal
    • Continuing Education
    • Waiver of license application fee

Forms of Business Authorized to Practice 

  • Which forms of business entities can a PT practice under?
  • Who may form the business entity?
Unprofessional Conduct
    • When does a PT need to report to the board?
    • Conduct that may result in an offense

Fee Schedules

Ohio Medicaid and Workers Compensation Fee Schedules

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