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Maryland PT Scope of Practice

How is physical therapy defined in Maryland?

"Practice physical therapy" means to design, implement, and modify therapeutic interventions for the purpose of:

    • The prevention of disability in patients or clients; and
    • The physical rehabilitation of patients or clients with a congenital or acquired disability. 

What is included in the practice of physical therapy?

 "Practice physical therapy" includes:

    • Performing an evaluation of the physical therapy needs of patients or clients;
    • Performing and interpreting tests and measurements of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal functions to aid treatment;
    • Planning treatment programs that are based on test findings; and 
    • Administering therapeutic interventions that include: therapeutic exercise, therapeutic massage, mechanical devices, or therapeutic agents that use the physical, chemical, or other properties of air, water, electricity, sound, or radiant energy.

What is specifically excluded from the practice?

"Practice physical therapy" does not include: 

    • Taking X rays;
    • Using Radioactive substances; or                           
    • Using Electricity for cauterization or surgery.     

Are there any special trainings or requirements?

Maryland PT Dry Needling


Md. Code Health Occ. ยง13-101

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