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The analysis of any legal or medical billing is dependent on numerous specific facts — including the factual situations present related to the patients, the practice, the professionals and the medical services and advice. Additionally, laws and regulations and insurance and payer policies are subject to change. The information that has been accurate previously can be particularly dependent on changes in time or circumstances. The information contained in this web site is intended as general information only. It is not intended to serve as medical, health, legal or financial advice or as a substitute for professional advice of a medical coding professional, healthcare consultant, physician or medical professional, legal counsel, accountant or financial advisor. If you have a question about a specific matter, you should contact a professional advisor directly. CPT copyright American Medical Association. All rights reserved. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association.

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Illinois Physical Therapy FAQs

Welcome to our Illinois Physical Therapy FAQs.  We've combined the state laws, board rules, and position statements to create a clear guide on the rules that must be followed by PTs and PTAs.  This page is under construction, if you need assistance please contact us.


Scope of Practice

    • How is physical therapy defined in Illinois?
    • What is included in the practice of physical therapy?
    • What is specifically excluded from the practice?
    • Are there any special trainings or requirements?

Dry Needling

    • Course Requirements
    • Didactic Course Work
    • Practicum Hours
    • Postgraduate Courses
    • Supervised Treatment Sessions
    • Standard of Practice

Referrals and Direct Access

    • Is a referral required to provide PT services?
    • Which professions can issue the referral?
    • When does a PT have to refer a patient to a physician?


    • How does Illinois define PTAs?
    • Which services are PTAs allowed to practice?
    • Are there specific services that PTAs are prohibited from practicing?
    • What type of supervision is required?
    • Does the supervising physical therapist need to co-sign documentation created by the PTA?
    • What is the ratio between supervising PTs and PTAs?
    • Required designation for assistants


    • What can an aide do?
    • What is an aide expressly prohibited from doing?
    • What are the responsibilities of the PT when delegating to an aide?
    • What type of supervision is required?
    • What is the ratio between supervising PTs and aides?
    • Required designation for aides

Continuing Education

    • How many continuing education hours are required during a reporting period?
    • Can CE credits be carried over into the next reporting period?
    • Are there any specific courses that must be taken?
    • What types of activities can be used for the continuing education requirements?
    • What type of approval is needed for the courses?
    • What are the reporting requirements?
    • Waivers and audits 


    • What must be included in the advertisement?
    • What may be included?
    • What cannot be included in the advertisement?
    • What is considered to be advertising misconduct?
    • Do I need to keep a record of the ad?

Graduate Practice

    • Who is eligible for a temporary permit?
    • What type of supervision is required for a temporary permit holder?
    • How long is the permit valid for?

License Exemptions

    • Graduate Education Programs
    • Short Term Practice or Emergency


    • What must be included in the application?

    Unprofessional Conduct 

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